How to become a Meteorologist

Meteorologists forecast the weather and study the atmosphere to improve the understanding of climate.

Personal requirements of a Meteorologist

  • Enjoy and have aptitude for science (especially physics) and mathematics
  • Flexible and resourceful
  • Interested in the provision of meteorological services to the community

Education & Training for a Meteorologist

To become a meteorologist you usually have to study atmospheric science, mathematical and computer sciences, mathematics and statistics, ocean and climate sciences or physics at university. To get into these courses you usually need to gain your Senior Secondary Certificate of Education. Prerequisite subjects, or assumed knowledge, in one or more of English, mathematics, chemistry, biology, earth and environmental science, and physics are normally required. Universities have different prerequisites and some have flexible entry requirements or offer external study. Contact the institutions you are interested in for more information.

Additional Information

Successful applicants with the Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) must complete a nine-month specialised training program at the BOM Training Centre in Melbourne before being posted to one of the regional or field offices throughout Australia. Once they have completed their training, graduates receive a Graduate Diploma in Meteorology. Australian citizenship, or the eligibility to apply for Australian citizenship, is required for employment with BOM.

Duties & Tasks of a Meteorologist


  • use and develop scientific techniques to forecast and interpret atmospheric conditions
  • analyse and interpret surface, upper-level and other measurements (including satellite images and other remote sensing data about atmospheric conditions)
  • prepare weather forecasts for the public as well as specific users such as aviation, marine, defence and emergency services
  • issue warnings for cyclones, storms, gales, floods, frosts and fire danger
  • study climate and identify climatic change
  • work with physicists and engineers to develop observation equipment and distribute information on topics such as air pollution
  • supervise and coordinate the work of other meteorologists, technical officers and meteorological observers
  • carry out weather studies for particular clients.

Working conditions for a Meteorologist

Meteorologists in forecasting positions usually work in shifts. Operational meteorologists may work in field station locations throughout Australia and its territories, from the tropics to Antarctica. Others are involved in policy development, administration and training.

Employment Opportunities for a Meteorologist

The Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) is the major employer of meteorologists. A few positions are occasionally available in private companies, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), universities and state or territory government bodies (mainly environmental agencies). Most meteorologists are employed in capital cities, but some are employed at major airports and Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) bases outside capital cities and further afield (Antarctica, for meteorological consultants and practitioners who provide a private consultancy service to engineers and architects. Competition for the few positions offered each year is very strong. Holding a higher degree qualification may be an advantage. Those who successfully complete BOM's training course are employed in the bureau's head office in Melbourne or in a capital city regional forecasting centre. Subsequent promotion is based on ability and on positions becoming available. Vacancies are usually advertised on the BOM website, online job websites and through universities during March and April for training courses that commence in late January/February.

Avg. weekly wage:


Future growth:

Very strong

Employment by state:

ACT 5.4%

NSW 26.7%

NT 1.2%

QLD 16.8%

SA 7.6%

TAS 2.3%

VIC 24.3%

WA 15.7%

Hours worked:



Lower unemployment

Gender split:

Male 59%

Female 41%

Education level:

Highest qualification is secondary school: 2.6%

Highest qualification is a Certificate 3 or 4: 1.8%

Highest qualification is a Diploma or Advanced Diploma: 3.8%

Highest qualification is a Bachelor degree: 43.7%

Highest qualification is a Postgraduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate: 47.5%

Age brackets:

15-19 - 0.1%

20-24 - 6.1%

25-34 - 26.8%

35-44 - 22.6%

45-54 - 19.5%

55-59 - 8.2%

60-64 - 7.1%

65 and Over - 9.5%

*The data above is sourced from the Department of Employment’s Job Outlook website.

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