Analysts define software requirements and specifications, and guide program design and development. The analyst's role sits between the initial business analysis stage and the detailed system design, building and programming stages of the systems development process.
Policy analysts develop and advise on policies that guide the design, implementation and modification of government and commercial operations and programs.
Chemists study the physical and chemical properties of materials to determine their composition. They use this information to develop new materials and products, to devise more efficient processes for making materials and to increase scientific knowledge. Chemists should not be confused with pharmacists (see separate entry for Pharmacist).
Animal attendants in animal shelters feed and care for animals, rescue animals and apply basic first aid, and run tours of the shelter or sanctuary.
Animal Attendants in veterinary clinics perform general reception duties and daily clinic routines such as feeding animals and assisting with surgery preparations.
Animal Control Officers enforce local and regional laws concerning the care and treatment of animals. They patrol public areas looking for potential signs of distressed animals and work directly with citizens concerning animal control issues. Some officers also educate the public about animal control safety.
Illustrators create drawings and designs for books and magazines, advertisements, film, television and multimedia. Illustrators work on paper, and two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) models. They may use traditional or computer-based techniques, or a combination of both. Illustrators can specialise in illustrations for websites, phone apps, augmented reality development, magazines, children's books, scientific work, technical manuals, fashion and product packaging. Many work as freelancers. They may have to work very long hours when a deadline has to be met.
Heat treaters control furnaces and cooling equipment to change the physical properties of metals and metal objects, making them hard, tough, resilient or suitable for machining.
Anthropologists study the origin, development and functioning of human societies and cultures, as they exist now or have existed throughout history. Anthropologists are concerned with the complexities of social and cultural life, including religion, rituals, family and kinship systems, languages, art, music, symbolism and economic and political systems.