Actuaries evaluate risk and opportunity applying mathematical, statistical, economic and financial analyses to a wide range of business problems.
Agricultural scientists study commercial plants, animals and cultivation techniques to improve the productivity and sustainability of farms and agricultural industries.
Specialisations: Agricultural Adviser Agricultural Biotechnologist Agricultural Entomologist Agricultural Microbiologist Agronomist Animal Scientist Crop Physiologist Horticultural Scientist Soil Scientist
Agricultural technical officers provide complex technical support and advise on aspects of agriculture such as research, production, servicing and marketing.
Sampler testers assist engineers, technical officers and other laboratory staff by collecting and preparing samples, carrying out experiments, making measurements with scientific equipment, recording results and presenting results for critical analysis. Sampler/Testers carry out basic sampling and testing, record and present results and clean, maintain and set up equipment for use in experiments. They play an important role in manufacturing quality control.
Specialisations: Air Sampler/Tester Construction Materials Sampler/Tester Environmental Field Assistant (Sample Testing) Field Assistant (Sample Testing) Food Manufacturing Sampler/Testers Manufacturing Sampler/Tester Milk Tanker Sampler/Driver
Chemists study the physical and chemical properties of materials to determine their composition. They use this information to develop new materials and products, to devise more efficient processes for making materials and to increase scientific knowledge. Chemists should not be confused with pharmacists (see separate entry for Pharmacist).
Aquaculture technicians are involved in freshwater and marine farming and hatchery management, as well as research into farmed species. They can be involved in equipment design, site development and research, and the harvesting, processing and shipment of products.
Astronomers study planets, stars, galaxies and other objects in the observable universe and use this information for theoretical and practical purposes.
Physicists study the behaviour of the physical world at the most basic level and find practical ways to apply new knowledge gained from their research in areas of science and technology. Physicists are usually identified within three broad roles: • theoretical physicists, who develop theories or models of how particular aspects of the world work • experimental physicists, who test these theories, determining their limits and suggesting new approaches to them • applied physicists, who apply these findings in practical settings, such as within industry and through the introduction of new technology. There is interaction between all three roles and physicists generally have skills in each of these areas.
Specialisations: Astrophysicist Atmospheric and Environmental Physicist Atomic and Molecular Physicist Condensed Matter Physicist Cosmologist Medical Physicist Nanotechnologist Nuclear/Particle Physicist Optical Physicist
Biochemists study the chemistry of living systems to increase scientific knowledge and develop ways to apply this knowledge in areas such as medicine, veterinary science, agriculture, environmental science and manufacturing. Biochemistry provides a basis for all the life sciences.
Biotechnologists study plants, animals and microorganisms. They use this knowledge to develop uses for biological processes, which include creating products for pharmaceutical, agricultural, diagnostic and environmental use, and advancing industrial processes. Their work may incorporate the use of small molecule technologies, nanotechnology, bioinformatics and synthetic biology.
Botanists study the biology of all types of plants to increase scientific knowledge and apply this knowledge in areas such as conservation and management of natural resources, agriculture, forestry, horticulture, medicine and biotechnology.