How to become a Sportsperson

Professional sportspeople earn all or part of their living through participating in sporting events, either as individuals or as members of a team. Professional sportspeople usually specialise in one sport, such as Australian Rules Football, basketball, boxing, cricket, golf, netball, rugby league, soccer, swimming, tennis and many others, although some may take part in more than one.

Personal requirements of a Sportsperson

  • Physically fit
  • Dedicated to attaining and maintaining a high standard of skill and endurance in a particular sport
  • Good communication skills for promotional work
  • Willing to travel

Education & Training for a Sportsperson

You can work as a sportsperson without formal qualifications. However, a high level of expertise in your chosen sport is essential. Sportspeople in a team sport will come under the guidance of a coach whose job it is to develop and refine their skills. Individual sportspeople usually find a coach to assist them to reach elite level. Sportspeople who are still at school may elect to develop their skills by attending a specialist sports high school that combines traditional school subjects with specialist sports coaching and competition in a wide range of sports. Many sporting organisations offer traineeships to potential top-level sportspeople in specific sports. Training is also available in related areas such as coaching, sport development, refereeing/umpiring and sports administration. Sportspeople may study courses in sports-related areas such as sports science, human movement studies, physiotherapy, sports administration, sports coaching, sports journalism, physical education and sports psychology. However, such studies are not essential for employment as a professional sportsperson. Subjects and prerequisites can vary between institutions, so visit for further details.

Additional Information

National Sporting Organisations (NSOs) offer scholarships to enable elite sportspeople to live and train, sometimes in association with the Australian Sports Commission in Canberra. The Australian Sports Commission offers a range of sports programs, covering many different sports, including a limited number to athletes with disabilities. Some athletes may have the opportunity to train overseas.

Duties & Tasks of a Sportsperson

Professional sportspeople:

  • maintain a high degree of expertise in their particular sport
  • attend regular practice sessions and undertake private training to maintain the required standard of fitness
  • take part in scheduled sporting competitions
  • repair sporting equipment or organise its repair
  • undertake sports promotional activities, demonstrations and television appearances
  • coach individuals, groups and/or teams by demonstrating techniques and supervising practice.

Working conditions for a Sportsperson

Most sportspeople compete as amateurs (unpaid) until they reach a sufficiently high standard to be offered payment for their performance.

Employment Opportunities for a Sportsperson

In all areas of sport, the number of top professional and amateur competitors is very small compared to the number of people aspiring to compete at a professional level. Earnings from sport for professional sportspeople depend on the individual's ability and the public popularity of the sport. Depending on the sport, playing careers for sportspeople generally last no more than a few years. Accomplished sportspeople may progress to employment as coaches, trainers, administrators or media personalities after retiring from their playing careers. Others may go into business ventures relating to sport, such as marketing sporting equipment or clothing, or managing other sportspeople. Some pursue careers they have established in other areas.

Future growth:

Very strong

Employment by state:

ACT ACT 0.9%

NSW NSW 32.5%

NT NT 1.6%

QLD QLD 12.5%

SA SA 8.5%

TAS TAS 2.2%

VIC VIC 32.3%

WA WA 9.5%

Hours worked:



Higher unemployment

Gender split:

Male 74.6%

Female 25.4%

Education level:

Age brackets:

15-19 - 26.3%

20-24 - 41.2%

25-34 - 24.8%

35-44 - 6.1%

45-54 - 1.6%

55-59 - 0%

60-64 - 0%

65 and Over - 0%

*The data above is sourced from the Department of Employment’s Job Outlook website.

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