Public servants in the Australian Public Service (APS) work in a wide range of areas such as community and social services, defence, economic management, education, employment, foreign affairs, health, housing, industrial relations and transport. They are employed in a variety of clerical, technical and professional careers.
State government public servants are government employees who work in any of the departments of a state or territory government.
Vocational Education and Training (VET) lecturers teach vocational courses connected with specific industries and areas of work to help people enter or re-enter the workforce. VET lecturers teach subjects in which they have specialist knowledge, skills and experience, such as building and construction, business and commerce, commercial photography, hairdressing, horticulture, hospitality and tourism, retail, music, art, science, engineering and areas of health. Some VET lecturers teach in non-industry specific areas such as languages, literacy and general workplace preparation.
Art teachers in secondary schools teach students the practical skills, theory and history of art. Students receive tuition in aspects such as painting, drawing, printmaking, photography, sculpture and ceramics. Art teachers may specialise in one or more aspects of art in their tertiary studies (such as history and appreciation of art, ceramics, drawing, film and video, painting, pottery, printmaking, sculpture and visual communication), as well as studying the elements of design, graphics, product design and environmental studies.
Teachers of English as a Second Language (ESL) teach, and assist other teachers to teach, students whose first language or dialect is not Standard Australian English to become proficient with the English language.
Music teachers develop students' interest in and appreciation of music through teaching theory, history and practical skills.
Primary school teachers educate primary school children by planning and conducting an education programme to develop literacy and numeracy, as well as the physical, emotional, intellectual and social growth of their students. Primary school teachers are usually trained to teach the whole curriculum. Some undertake further studies to become specialist primary teachers who develop and teach programmes for students with special needs, rural and isolated children or children for whom English is a second language. In some schools, primary school teachers teach languages other than English if they have the appropriate qualifications, skills and experience.
Special education teachers develop and conduct learning programmes for preschool, primary and secondary students who have learning difficulties or an impairment in their physical, sensory, emotional or intellectual abilities. Some also teach students who are intellectually gifted.
Training officers plan, develop, implement and evaluate training and development programmes in organisations.
University lecturers teach tertiary students in one or more subject areas and conduct research projects.