How to become a Conservator

Conservators plan, organise and undertake the preservation and conservation of materials and objects in private, public and community collections, including libraries, archives, museums, art galleries, art centres, and historical and archaeological sites. Conservators specialise in a range of areas, including paper, paintings, photographs, social and cultural artefacts, bookbinding and archives, furniture, archaeological materials, buildings and historic sites, outdoor sculpture and large technology objects, textiles and preventative conservation.

Personal requirements of a Conservator

  • Patient with the capacity for fine manual work
  • Aptitude for science, particularly chemistry and physics
  • Aptitude for using computers
  • Attention to detail
  • Ability to understand and apply professional and ethical codes of conduct
  • Artistic interests such as sculpture, painting and drawing
  • Aptitude for technical tasks
  • Normal colour vision
  • Sensitivity to Indigenous and ethnic cultural issues
  • Interest in history, art history and materials technology

Education & Training for a Conservator

To become a conservator you usually have to complete a degree in heritage, museums and conservation at university. Alternatively, you can complete a science, arts or fine art degree with a major that is relevant to cultural materials conservation, followed by a Master of Cultural Materials Conservation at the Grimwade Centre for Cultural Materials Conservation. To get into the degree courses you usually need to gain your Senior Secondary Certificate of Education. Entry to postgraduate courses usually requires completion of an appropriate bachelor degree. Universities have different prerequisites and some have flexible entry requirements or offer external study. Contact the institutions you are interested in for more information.

Additional Information

Graduates may be eligible for professional membership of the Australian Institute for the Conservation of Cultural Material.

Duties & Tasks of a Conservator


  • examine and evaluate the condition of objects and confirm their identification and authenticity
  • organise systematic inspection of collections and prepare written and photographic reports
  • advise on the optimum storage and display conditions for the objects in their care (such as correct light, relative humidity, integrated pest management and temperature control)
  • advise on the correct methods for handling, storing, displaying and transporting works of art and artefacts
  • conduct research into the material, technological or historical nature of collections, as well as materials and techniques critical for their preservation and sustainability
  • undertake extensive research into deterioration problems within collections in order to inform collections management
  • undertake and record the details of conservation and restoration procedures to correct damage or control deterioration.

Employment Opportunities for a Conservator

Most conservators are employed in cultural institutions such as museums, libraries, art galleries, archives, historic houses, art centres and cultural, heritage and digital industries. An increasing number of conservators are taking up positions in the private sector. Competition may be strong for the limited number of positions available.

Avg. weekly wage:


Future growth:

Very strong

Employment by state:

ACT ACT 1.2%

NSW NSW 23.1%

NT NT 1.3%

QLD QLD 25.6%

SA SA 11%

TAS TAS 3.3%

VIC VIC 17.5%

WA WA 16.9%

Hours worked:



Lower unemployment

Gender split:

Male 71%

Female 29%

Education level:

Age brackets:

15-19 - 0%

20-24 - 11.2%

25-34 - 36.8%

35-44 - 22.8%

45-54 - 20.8%

55-59 - 5.8%

60-64 - 0%

65 and Over - 2.5%

*The data above is sourced from the Department of Employment’s Job Outlook website.

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